Fruit cracking is a typical downside in tomatoes when there’s a vast fluctuation in soil moisture ranges, which ends up in inconsistent water content material throughout the plant. This is often brought on by big temperature variations and/or inconsistent irrigation.
The cracking or splitting of tomato fruit can take two varieties:
Radial cracking, the place the cracks radiate out from the stem finish, and can type a star form across the high of the fruit.
Concentric cracking, the place the cracks type rings that circles across the stem finish.
Both sorts of tomato cracking will be brought on by varied environmental and rising situations, resembling:
Very quick development
Excessive moisture (rain or heavy watering) after a dry interval
A big distinction between day and evening temperatures
The cracks are brought about when the within of the fruit grows sooner than the skin, the quick inner development spurt causes the pores and skin to separate open.
Generally, fruit cracking happens extra generally with the bigger, beefsteak-type tomatoes.
Can You Eat Tomatoes That Are Showing Signs of Cracking?
If tomatoes cut up, they’re nonetheless fit for human consumption, and shouldn’t be thrown away. If the cut up portion appears much less appetising for some purpose, minimize that half away, the remainder must be fantastic if it appears regular and the cracked parts aren’t mouldy.
How to Prevent Tomatoes from Cracking
It’s not potential to keep away from all cracking, however the severity of the issue will be lowered by mulching the soil, offering tomato crops with a constant provide of moisture in the course of the summer season months, and making certain that sufficient fertiliser is used in the course of the rising season.
Water – During dry summer season durations, water repeatedly and constantly, utilizing a sluggish, deep watering to thorough soak the soil. How typically rely on the temperature, wind and soil sort, however not less than as soon as every week can be the minimal for many tomato crops. Typically, watering could also be required 3 times every week.
Mulch – To stop evaporative lack of water from the soil floor, preserve soil moisture by mulching the soil round tomato crops utilizing straw, pea straw, lucerne, sugar cane mulch, dried grass clippings, shredded leaves, or different mulch materials.
There isn’t a lot that may be carried out about massive day-night temperature variations that may happen when the fruit is maturing, nevertheless it helps to plant tomato varieties which can be recognized to own good crack resistance.