10/12/2020 – Urgent motion is required to scale back over-fishing, enhance fisheries administration and reform assist to the sector, or the world will fail to fulfill a key United Nations objective on the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and marine assets, in accordance with a brand new OECD report.
The OECD Review of Fisheries 2020 updates and analyses the OECD fisheries assist estimate (FSE) database, probably the most complete, detailed, and constant assortment of nation degree information on governments assist to fisheries reported by governments. The newest Review exhibits that at the least 1 / 4 of world fish shares with identified standing are overfished and a 3rd of fishing exercise will not be adequately managed, jeopardizing attainment of UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 and the well being of our ecosystems.
Current fisheries insurance policies are a part of the issue: over the 2016-18 interval, the 39 international locations within the Review reported spending USD 9.4 billion yearly in assist to fisheries, accounting for about 10% of the worth of catches. Over a 3rd of this assist lowered the price of gas, vessels and equipment, which incessantly encourages overfishing.
“Governments should stop subsidising fishing inputs, directing support to helping fishers operate their businesses more effectively and more sustainably,” mentioned OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. “Countries have an opportunity to come together at the WTO in an agreement to reduce harmful fisheries subsidies. They must do so, to refocus efforts and limited resources to ensure the protection and sustainability of our oceans, marine biodiversity and the livelihoods of coastal communities.”
The report additionally gives the newest details about unlawful, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing, which undermines the effectiveness of administration and threatens the sustainability of fish shares. While there was important progress over the previous fifteen years in preventing IUU fishing, notably on implementation of port state measures, extra must be finished to enhance the transparency of vessel registration and authorisation processes; the stringency of transhipment regulation; the market measures to extend traceability; and to shut markets and fisheries companies to IUU fishing operators.
Effective administration of fish shares is essential for the financial, social and environmental sustainability of the sector. Yet coverage is lagging in lots of international locations. Only about two-thirds of administration mechanisms straight management reported catches and landings, and solely a couple of third of nations and economies use whole allowable catch limits (TACs) in all of the administration processes they report on.
How assist is given issues. With the COVID-19 pandemic persevering with to be a significant supply of disruption and uncertainty throughout the whole seafood sector, governments have to proceed offering assist to the sector. However, the Review exhibits that assist is simplest and supportive of sustainable fisheries when it’s time-limited, focused, cash-based and according to longer-term sustainability targets.
Drawing on expertise throughout main fishing international locations, the Review argues that authorities coverage motion could make the fisheries sector extra productive, sustainable and resilient by:
- Moving away from insurance policies that assist inputs and unsustainable capability in direction of those who assist fishers function their companies extra successfully in a sustainable method, and enhance their income (e.g., by training and coaching), or that present direct earnings assist in a method that doesn’t incentivise unsustainable fishing.
- Addressing regulatory loopholes and shifting in direction of internationally recognised greatest practices to struggle IUU fishing.
- Investing in enough capability for administration, management and surveillance to successfully and sustainably handle fisheries, together with within the excessive seas, and to eradicate unlawful fishing.
Read the OECD Review of Fisheries 2020 report in English: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/agriculture-and-food/oecd-review-of-fisheries-2020_7946bc8a-en.
More info on Fisheries and Aquaculture on the OECD: https://www.oecd.org/agriculture/topics/fisheries-and-aquaculture/.
For additional info, journalists are invited to contact Lawrence Speer within the OECD Media Office (+33 1 45 24 97 00).
Working with over 100 international locations, the OECD is a worldwide coverage discussion board that promotes insurance policies to enhance the financial and social well-being of individuals all over the world.