Thailand receives its first Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System recognition



Five new websites – a mushroom-growing space in China, a conventional Maya agroforestry system in Mexico, an historical group linking pastoralists and farmers in Morocco, a various mountain agrifood system in Spain and a panorama centred on the buffalo in Thailand – have been formally acknowledged as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

The websites had been designated throughout a gathering of the GIAHS Scientific Advisory Group happening in Rome this week (2-4 November), simply days after the flagship programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) marked its 20th anniversary. The choice standards stipulate that websites should be of worldwide significance, have worth as a public good, supporting meals and livelihood safety, agro-biodiversity, information programs, social values and tradition in addition to excellent landscapes.

With the newest additions to the worldwide agricultural heritage programs record. FAO’s worldwide agricultural heritage community now consists of 72 programs in 23 international locations across the globe. The first web site to be acknowledged in Thailand marks the addition of a brand new nation to the record.

Thailand – Landscape shared by people and buffaloes

The Thale Noi Wetland Buffalo Pastoral Agro-Eco-System in southern Thailand is a diversified farming system marked by longstanding interplay between people and buffaloes. Over the centuries, pastoralism has formed and conserved the biodiversity and landscapes whereas buffaloes tailored to outlive on this surroundings the place the land is flooded for nearly 5 months throughout the yr. The system includes a variety of mutually supportive practices resembling animal herding, fishing, water plant cultivation, harvesting of non-timber forest merchandise and tourism. These present the foundations for native meals and livelihood safety, biodiversity conservation, and solidarity amongst native communities.

The Buffaloes, which have a particular place in Thai tradition, are herded both free-range or utilizing pens the place animals are sheltered at evening. During the monsoon season, buffaloes are saved in sheds, sometimes constructed 1.5 m above floor. Herders lead their animals out to the grazing areas by the flooded fields and produce them again earlier than dusk. Buffalo husbandry in Thale Noi is characterised by sharing and communal administration. The pastoralists additionally depend on a powerful base of experience in fishing methods utilizing conventional tools to spice up their meals safety throughout the monsoon season, whereas throughout the dry season they flip their arms to farming.

See Thailand GIAHS images right here.

China – Ancient forest-mushroom co-culture system

Located within the excessive mountains of japanese China’s Zhejiang province, the Qingyuan Forest-Mushroom Co-culture System (QFMCS) relies on mushroom cultivation going again hundreds of years. It is an agroforestry system which focuses on the cyclic use of assets, together with a novel forest and mushroom co-culture method. The forests present a rising surroundings and vitamins for edible fungi, which speed up the decomposition of natural matter within the forests. The decomposition of lifeless wooden in flip will increase the vitamins within the forests.

According to authorities statistics, native farmers derive almost half their revenue from mushrooms and the assorted different merchandise of the QFMCS, making it an vital livelihood supply. It can be a key fungal useful resource financial institution for China, internet hosting almost 400 recognized species of macro fungi. The mushroom farmers, or Gumin, have lived in mountain forests for generations, creating a novel language, customs and social organizations specializing in cooperation and mutual help.

See the brand new China GIAHS images right here.

Other new GIAHS websites globally

Mexico’s Peninsular Maya milpa is a conventional agroforestry system, based mostly on polyculture that makes for a dynamic residing house stuffed with genetic assets. It depends on the sustainable use of biodiversity, with a triad of crops – maize, beans and squash – that are in some locations supplemented by Lima beans. Since the system relies on the forest, its conservation has been indispensable and displays one of many core components of this GIAHS based mostly on forest-friendly practices and anchored within the native communities’ identification. This has contributed to its capability to supply meals and livelihoods for folks within the Yucatan Peninsula for at the least 3,500 years.

Diversity of actions related to the Maya Milpa additionally contains technique of livelihood resembling looking, gathering firewood, charcoal or building supplies, gardening, livestock breeding and medicinal crops. Today, diversification by beekeeping, agrotourism and gastronomy are additionally being explored to deal with the agricultural exodus by providing alternatives for youthful generations.

Historic oasis system linking pastoralists and farmers

The GIAHS of Figuig in japanese Morocco, linking the municipality of Figuig and neighbouring AbbouLakhal, is outstanding for the way in which wherein it knits collectively pastoralist and farming communities. AbbouLakhal hosts in depth grazing lands on which nomadic communities have been working towards pastoralism for hundreds of years. These populations have at all times traded with Figuig farmers who developed sensible cities, referred to as Ksour and based mostly on water springs. This system hosts a variety of agrobiodiversity together with native sheep breeds and endemic date palm varieties that maintain farmers’ and herders’ livelihoods. Trade and agreements between the 2 communities have allowed them to stability and soak up the variation of yields and forage availability to be able to greatest maintain their livelihoods.

The oasis gardens and water assets have been sustainability maintained and distributed amongst communities by collective administration based mostly on customary rights. The GIAHS of Figuig has lengthy been thought-about as one of the crucial spectacular oases within the nation, the place native traditions have survived colonization and ensured the survival of communities in the course of the desert because the days of trans-Saharan commerce, when it was a key staging put up.

Diverse and multipurpose mountain agrifood system

The Mountains of León multipurpose agrifood system in northwestern Spain has for hundreds of years contributed on to the meals safety and the livelihood of native communities. The space hosts a outstanding variety of land makes use of with forests (chestnut groves, beech forests, birches, junipers, oak groves), pastures and areas beneath cultivation. This permits the coexistence of agriculture, livestock, forestry, gathering, looking and fishing in the identical house, giving the realm nice agroecological worth.

Amid the individuality of the Mountains of León, the power of its inhabitants to cultivate, preserve and adapt agricultural biodiversity has resulted within the conservation and safeguarding of distinctive native species resembling Brown and Indian Rooster of Leon, which wants a really particular surroundings for breeding; the Mantequera Leonesa bovine species, prized for its dairy merchandise and the distinctive Hispano-Bretón horse. The magnificence and recognition additionally offered by the seven Biosphere Reserves that coexist right here in direct concord with the agricultural programs makes for a mix of attributes onerous to search out elsewhere on the planet.