Switching agriculture from inorganic farming to organic farming is an important step towards achieving a sustainable food system. Farmers can now prepare their food without the use of pesticides, fertilizers and antibiotics, and thus avoiding negative environmental and health impacts. The demand for organic food is steadily increasing all over the world and farmers can easily switch from conventional farming to organic farming due to its profitability of return on investment.
inorganic farming to organic farming

The main reason behind the increase in the demand for organic food is the public concern on the impact of chemicals on human health and the environment. Organic food is free from synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, farmers who grow organic food use minimal use of herbicides and thus less pesticides on their crops. In the following paragraphs, we will discuss the environmental and economic benefits of going organic.

Benefits of going Organic Farming:

1. Environmental benefits of going organic

Most pesticides are poisonous for the environment. In fact, synthetic pesticides enter soil and water and negatively affect soil microorganism which in turn influences soil health. Moreover, the application of pesticides not only affects the soil microorganisms but also damages the surrounding plants which reduces the biodiversity.  Biofertilizers: What is organic manure? 

Organic farming uses less pesticides in comparison to conventional farming. In contrast, fertilizers are a major cause of water and air pollution. This is due to its toxic byproducts and because of the production of nitrous oxide in soil. These nutrients in fertilizers are also non-renewable. Moreover, fertilizers are extremely expensive.

2. Economic benefits of going organic

In 2014, global organic food sales in United States were $35.9 billion and is expected to increase in the coming years. This increase in the demand for organic food can be attributed to the public concern on the negative impact of the chemicals used in conventional farming.

While there is a lot of interest in organic food products, consumers have low spending power. In the past, they were not able to buy a wide variety of organic food products. In addition, the increase in the cost of conventional farming and high production costs of conventional farming caused the price to go up. Thus, in order to sustain their family and business, farmers had to depend on chemical-based fertilizers. However, due to the rise in demand for organic food, the price of the product has also increased. This has created a positive impact in the growth of organic food.

3. Environmental benefits of going organic

Apart from health, organic farming is also beneficial to the environment. Organic farming is sustainable, does not use synthetic fertilizers, and does not destroy the soil. In addition, organic food products are not tested on animals.

Organic farming also uses fewer resources like pesticides, electricity, and water which are not essential to produce conventional food. Thus, organic farming decreases the use of these resources. Furthermore, in organic farming, the use of fertilizers and pesticides decreases which reduces the amount of nitrous oxide produced.

This is not the end of the benefits of going organic. Organic farming also increases the availability of food and nutrition to people in developing countries.

Benefits of going organic: Health benefits

In order to have a healthy life, it is necessary to have a healthy diet. In conventional farming, a lot of chemical fertilizers are used. Due to this, there is no significant difference in the vitamins and minerals in organic and non-organic food. Thus, they share a similar nutrient value. However, there are specific advantages of organic food.

1. Organic food improves health in elderly people.

According to the research, old people who consume organic food tend to have a better immune system and lower blood pressure.
Furthermore, the elderly people also tend to be more active than their non-organic counterparts. Thus, the researchers speculate that this might be because the healthy diet provided by organic foods contains more essential nutrients, and is easier to digest.

2. Organic food improves the cognitive functions.

The consumption of organic food may improve the cognitive functions of elderly people. The reason being, organic foods are produced in a natural environment and they are free from chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Furthermore, organic food reduces inflammation.
This leads to improved blood flow and oxygen supply in the brain. Thus, organic food may be beneficial for the brain and may lead to improved cognitive functions of the elderly.

3. Organic food contains less toxins.

Conventional foods are usually chemically-treated with pesticides and herbicides. This is why they tend to contain a lot of toxins and they also tend to have a higher concentration of chemical residues.
The chemical additives in food are absorbed by the body and they lead to the formation of cancer cells. Due to this, a high concentration of toxin is associated with cancers.
Organic foods tend to contain less toxins. Hence, they do not have this problem. They are also healthier to eat.

Benefits of going organic: Economics benefits

You might think, do they really cost much more? Of course, that is what most of you will think. When it comes to buying foods, there will always be a cost. It doesn’t matter if it is organic or conventional food.
But, there are some specific things that organic food will cost you more than conventional foods. Some of them are:
Organic foods tend to cost more. This is because they are produced in a natural environment, and they do not contain any pesticides or chemical additives. Also, they tend to cost more. You will always have to pay more to buy organic food.
The organic food is usually produced in an organic environment. It means they do not use chemical pesticides and fertilizers to grow their foods. Thus, the nutrients tend to remain in the soil and they tend to increase. The soil gets better when it is well-groomed. It tends to be healthier and stronger.

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