Putting This Summer’s Record Global Heat Into Context

Placing This Summer time’s Document World Warmth Into Context

This summer season noticed world common temperatures that had been unprecedented. June set a report for the most popular June. So did July—not solely as the most popular July, however the hottest month ever since fashionable report conserving started within the nineteenth century. August got here in second for the all-time report. The outcomes: lethal warmth waves, overheated ocean waters, huge wildfires.

To assist put these phenomena into context, listed here are a number of the hottest articles on warmth and local weather that we’ve got revealed over the previous few years, together with media stories about this 12 months’s baking temperatures that quote our consultants.

Probably Deadly Combos of Humidity and Warmth Are Rising Throughout the Globe

by Kevin Krajick | Could 8, 2020

Global map showing wet bulb temperatures

Map by Jeremy Hinsdale; tailored from Raymond et al., Science Advances, 2020

In keeping with a brand new examine, harmful mixtures of warmth and humidity are already showing throughout the globe. The examine identifies 1000’s of beforehand uncommon or unprecedented bouts of utmost warmth and humidity in Asia, Africa, Australia, South America and North America, together with within the U.S. Gulf Coast area. Alongside the Persian Gulf, researchers noticed greater than a dozen current temporary outbreaks surpassing the theoretical restrict of human survival. The outbreaks have up to now been confined to localized areas and lasted simply hours, however they’re growing in frequency and depth, say the authors.

Summer time Warmth Waves Precipitated A number of Glaciers to Collapse

by Jaden Hill | September 13, 2022

Through the summer season warmth waves of 2022, glaciers within the Italian Dolomites, Kyrgyzstan and central Switzerland skilled collapses as a result of excessive warmth. “This summer season’s warmth wave serves as a dramatic lesson, prompting a number of sudden modifications suddenly,” creator Jaden Hill writes.

You Requested: How Precisely Does Carbon Dioxide Trigger World Warming?

by Sarah Fecht | February 25, 2021

Over the previous few years, we’ve got acquired many questions on carbon dioxide — the way it traps warmth, the way it can have such an enormous impact if it solely makes up a tiny proportion of the environment, and extra. With the assistance of Jason Smerdon, a local weather scientist at Columbia College’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, we reply.

Afternoon heat mapping measurements in South Bronx

Research Maps City Warmth Islands With Deal with Environmental Justice

by Jeremy Hinsdale | August 26, 2021

Buildings, roads and infrastructure all take up and re-emit extra of the solar’s warmth than pure landscapes do. Mix a densely constructed atmosphere with warmth generated by human actions and also you quickly start to see city warmth islands—inner-city zones the place temperatures could be as a lot as 20 levels F hotter than surrounding, vegetated areas. In summer season 2021, researchers collaborated with citizen scientists to map the warmth in elements of higher Manhattan and the Bronx on the avenue stage for the primary time.

Picture: Grant Harley/College of Idaho

1,000-Plus Years of Tree Rings Affirm Historic Extremity of 2021 Western North America Warmth Wave

by Kevin Krajick | March 27, 2023

A tree ring examine in Western North America indicated that the area’s summer season 2021 warmth wave was virtually definitely the worst in at the very least the previous millennium. “The unprecedented nature of summer season 2021 temperatures throughout [the study area] means that no area is impervious to the financial and organic impacts of accelerating summer season temperatures,” wrote lead creator Karen Heeter and colleagues.

The Hearth This Time: Going through the Actuality of Local weather Change

by Steve Cohen | June 12, 2023

“Final week for a couple of terrifying days, we noticed extra proof of our interconnected biosphere. Fires burning about 400 miles from New York Metropolis turned the air orange and drove New Yorkers from their streets,” wrote creator Steve Cohen. “Folks in different elements of America and different elements of the world are aware of this phenomenon—New Yorkers weren’t. Now we’re.”

Publicity to Lethal City Warmth Worldwide Has Tripled in Current Many years, Says Research

by Kevin Krajick | October 4, 2021

A brand new examine of greater than 13,000 cities worldwide has discovered that the variety of person-days by which inhabitants are uncovered to excessive mixtures of warmth and humidity has tripled because the Nineteen Eighties. The authors say the pattern, which now impacts almost 1 / 4 of the world’s inhabitants, is the mixed results of each rising temperatures and booming city inhabitants progress. “This has broad results,” stated the examine’s lead creator, Cascade Tuholske. “It will increase morbidity and mortality. It impacts individuals’s means to work, and ends in decrease financial output. It exacerbates pre-existing well being circumstances.”

Picture: Radhika Iyengar

Are You Feeling the Warmth But?

by Radhika Iyengar | Could 3, 2022

A private report on a number of the methods climate change is impacting India, now the world’s most populous nation. “My members of the family there report that scorching air is burning their noses and their sneakers are sticking to the street tar because it melts within the warmth after they stroll. It has turn out to be insufferable to reside in lots of elements of India. And naturally, people who find themselves economically disadvantaged will bear the brunt of this harmful warmth.”

Greener Methods to Preserve Cool Throughout a Warmth Wave

by Renee Cho | August 3, 2018

“It’s actually essential for individuals to attempt to keep cool through the summer season warmth and particularly throughout warmth waves, as a result of warmth can kill individuals and it could make individuals sick, and that features even wholesome younger people and athletes,” stated Kim Knowlton of Columbia College’s Mailman College of Public Well being. In case you don’t have entry to air con, or decide to not use it, listed here are some greener methods to maintain cool. Hopefully they’ll additionally prevent cash in your electrical energy invoice.

New Analysis Reveals Direct Hyperlink Between Greenhouse Gasoline Emissions and Polar Bear Decline

Inside Local weather Information | Sept. 3, 2023
A 2021 report from the Sabin Heart for Local weather Legislation summarizes the scientific findings concerning the impacts of climate change on endangered species. World warming is an overarching menace to just about all species, and if biodiversity collapses, a number of the planet’s greatest pure mechanisms to take away CO2 from the environment and gradual atmospheric heating will fail.

Excessive warmth might pace up cognitive decline for sure individuals

The Impartial | Aug. 23, 2023
In keeping with scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Area Research, July 2023 was hotter than every other month within the world temperature report. With harsher summers and world temperatures on the rise, it may be fairly onerous for the physique to regulate.

Wildfires, hurricanes and warmth: The U.S. is getting hit by excessive climate from all sides

NBC Information | Tuesday, Aug. 22, 2023
The myriad disasters must be a wake-up name about society’s vulnerabilities to climate-aggravated hazards and the necessity to mitigate and adapt to the realities of a warming world stated Andrew Kruczkiewicz, a senior employees analysis affiliate on the Columbia Local weather College.

Mediterranean Sea warming to ‘unprecedented’ ranges amid world warmth wave

United Press Worldwide| Aug. 18, 2023
A world warmth wave is pushing temperatures within the Mediterranean to new highs. The Goddard Institute for Area Research on the U.S. house company NASA stated this July was 0.43 levels hotter than any July on report. “The science is obvious—this isn’t regular,” stated Gavin Schmidt, the director at GISS.

Individuals Flock to Areas With Harshest Local weather Change Results

Nerd Pockets | Aug. 8, 2023
“Excessive warmth and humidity goes to be a actuality just about irrespective of the place you progress,” says Alex De Sherbinin, senior analysis scientist on the Columbia Local weather College. “However life-threatening damages from these sorts of issues are going to be extra restricted to some locales than others.”

Swaths of the US reside by a brutal summer season. It’s a local weather wake-up name for a lot of

Related Press | Aug. 7, 2023
Radley Horton, a scientist who research ocean and local weather physics at Columbia College, stated there are a couple of extra elements that may converge to create a warmth wave. Drier circumstances, for instance, imply extra of the solar’s power can go towards heating the air relatively than evaporating water from vegetation and the soil. The time of 12 months can even play a task: At latitudes farther from the equator, the Earth’s tilt can result in summer season days with 15 hours or extra of daylight — a very long time for warmth to construct up.

July’s warmth waves, excessive ocean temperatures present excessive climate to come back

The Washington Put up | July 31, 2023
Gavin Schmidt, director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Area Research, largely agrees. Situations throughout what was Earth’s hottest ever noticed month had been surprising, however not stunning,” he stated. Because the sweltering summer season of 2023 marches into August, with one other spherical of triple-digit warmth advisories, scientists and environmental advocates are hoping the current extremes one way or the other spur the type of world, collective motion that has been largely absent.

Antarctica has a winter sea ice shortfall 4 instances the dimensions of Texas

Axios | July 31, 2023
Scientists don’t know what’s driving the shortfall, however they’re deeply involved about its penalties, as sea ice influences the planet’s local weather, world ocean currents and marine ecosystems. Lettie Roach, an affiliate analysis scientist at Columbia College, stated she finds it particularly regarding to see the ocean ice shortfall occurring similtaneously scorching warmth is breaking world temperature data.