Private harm safety insurance coverage – a state-by-state information

No-fault legal guidelines are an alternative choice to the tort legal responsibility system, which requires the at-fault driver’s insurer to pay out claims ensuing from an accident and doesn’t impose limitations on an individual’s proper to sue.

Aside from no-fault and tort legal responsibility legal guidelines, there are two extra classes of auto legal responsibility insurance coverage methods applied within the US. The selection no-fault system, the place motorists can select between no-fault and tort legal responsibility, and add-on insurance coverage legal guidelines that work equally to the no-fault system, requiring claims to be paid out by the policyholder’s insurer even when the opposite driver precipitated the accident, though the principles don’t place restrictions on the individual’s proper to sue.

Learn extra: Revealed: Most and least costly locations within the US for automobile insurance coverage

What does private harm safety insurance coverage cowl?

PIP insurance coverage is designed to cowl accidents sustained in a vehicular crash, no matter who precipitated the accident. Protection necessities differ from state to state however usually embrace:

Medical bills

PIP insurance policies assist pay out for the price of medical therapies – together with ambulance providers, surgical procedure, hospital stays, nursing, medicine and medical provides, x-rays, rehabilitation, prostheses, dental and optical remedy, and chiropractic providers – as much as the bounds of the protection. Protection can lengthen to the policyholder’s relations and different passengers of the car.

Private harm safety insurance coverage additionally covers the policyholder even when the accident occurs when they aren’t behind the wheel. In the event that they get hit by a automobile whereas strolling or using a bicycle, for instance, they are going to be coated by this coverage.

Misplaced earnings

PIP insurance coverage will cowl misplaced wages if the policyholder or others listed within the coverage are unable to work due to the accidents sustained from a automobile accident.

Family providers

If the policyholder shouldn’t be in a position to carry out each day family duties, together with cleansing, yard work, and childcare, due to the accident, private harm safety insurance policies could present advantages to assist cowl the price related to these providers.

Dying profit

PIP protection may additionally present a dying profit for the policyholder’s household. This payout can be utilized to cowl funeral bills.

Private harm safety insurance coverage, nevertheless, doesn’t cowl injury to the car or different individuals’s property. It additionally doesn’t present a payout for claims ensuing from accidents precipitated deliberately or occurring whereas the driving force is committing a legal act.

Which states provide private harm safety insurance coverage?

As of December 2021, twelve US states – Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, and Utah – require PIP protection, in response to credit score monitoring company Wallethub. All these states, apart from Delaware, implement a no-fault system. In Pennsylvania, auto insurance coverage legal guidelines require drivers to take out $5,000 in medical advantages however don’t particularly point out private harm safety.

Learn extra: Florida mulls choice to discontinue no-fault insurance coverage

PIP insurance policies may also be bought in seven different states – Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, and Washington – and the District of Columbia, though protection is optionally available.

The desk under from Wallethub supplies particulars of the protection necessities for every state providing private harm safety insurance coverage.



Minimal protection requirement






$15,000 per individual

$30,000 per accident

$5,000 for funeral providers



$10,000 per individual



$10,00 per individual



$4,500 per individual for medical bills

$4,500 for rehab bills

$2,000 funeral bills

$900 monthly for incapacity/lack of earnings

$25 per day for in-home bills



$10,000 per individual, per accident






$8,000 per individual, per accident


Sure (Decide-out obtainable for some Medicare enrollees as of July 2020)

$250,000 per accident

$50,000 for some Medicaid enrollees



$20,000 for medical bills

$20,000 for lack of earnings

New Jersey


$15,000 per individual

As much as $250,000 for extreme/everlasting harm

New York


$50,000 per individual

$2,000 dying profit

80% of misplaced earnings as much as $2,000/month

$25 per day for providers

North Dakota    


$30,000 per individual



$15,000 per individual


Medical advantages required

$5,000 per individual, per accident

South Dakota


No minimal protection requirement



$2,500 per individual



$3,000 per individual

$1,500 per individual funeral bills

$3,000 dying profit

$250 per week or 85% of misplaced earnings (whichever is much less)

$20 per day for providers




As much as $100 per week for misplaced wages for as much as 12 months, in some instances



$10,000 per accident

Washington D.C.


$50,000 per individual

$12,000 per individual for misplaced wages

$4,000 for funeral bills

Supply: Wallethub

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