India referred to everywhere in the world as an agrarian nation. The nation has gained great ground in rural innovation and exploration. In many states, efforts are being made to orient the quality of agricultural management business by setting up agricultural universities. As a result, India is moving towards greater self-reliance in agriculture. And that’s an excellent idea!
Anyway. From ancient times it has given the earth the place of mother, so we call the earth Bhumata. Like animals, birds and plants are alive. So is the soil. It is the abode of innumerable living beings, so we understand Bhumata is alive.
Man is becoming selfish day by day. He neglects the farm to his advantage. The earth breathes just as man breathes. Just as man needs protection from heat, wind, rain, disease, so does soil. Just as our ancestors gave this wealth to the next generation, so we should give it to the next generation. It will automatically preserve and cultivate such invaluable soil layers and preserve the texture of the soil.
In the past, the land covered with trees, shrubs and grass, so protection and protection from wind, rain, etc. happened naturally. But as man cut down trees, grass, etc. on the land to meet his food, water and shelter needs, this led to soil erosion. Soil erosion has destroyed the roots of the trees, destroyed the nutrients required for their growth, and reduced the water supply required by the trees, resulting in reduced soil fertility and consequently in agricultural productivity. Has declined. It takes nature many years to form an inch layer of soil. But this layer is likely to disappear because of human selfishness, negligence, and carelessness. Considering the rugged nature of Ghopa, it is very important to protect and nourish the soil.
Organic farming depends on the following important points, e.g.
- Soil conservation,
- Temperature management,
- Rainwater planning and conservation,
- Maximum use and utilization of solar energy
- Self-reliance in needs,
- Adhering to natural cycles and forms of life,
- Animal integration,
- Reliance on maximum renewable resources, such as livestock
- Key features of organic farming
Maintains soil fertility. Organic farming is a sustainable and environmentally friendly production process, with special benefits for small farmers.
Organic farming provides food security and employment to the poor and doubles the benefits of the following facilities.
Increase production in areas with fewer resources and rainwater,
Conservation of biodiversity and natural resources in and around farms.
Increase income or reduce expenses,
Produce safe and varied food products.
Soil conservation – Soil conservation methods are as different as landscapes for maintaining agricultural fertility. One method I can think of, which does not affect the soil, is sowing with a proper irrigation system and soil-friendly seeds.
Decaying organic soils are more prone to contamination by incense, water supply and greenhouse gas emissions as they lose nutrients in the runoff. Rotting soil is also vulnerable to soil degradation and deterioration by pests.
use of chemicals, use of crop residues in place of mulch, use of biological fertilizers, crop rotation and multi-crop adoption, avoid excessive plowing and cover the soil with green or mulch Do it
Temperature Management – Cover the soil, plant trees, and shrubs on the dam.
Why plants? Studies have shown that trees and shrubs are effective in preventing soil erosion and keeping soil nutrients where they belong, in the soil. After the ice melts, take a close look at the soil in your garden and note how much water, sunlight and carbon dioxide is flowing through the soil. An area of soil with high carbon dioxide levels indicates that it has been very wet during the winter and should be drained and fertilized with a top-soil application of lime and compost, just like your soil would be if the soil was not degraded. Areas of poorly drained soil are likely
Conservation of soil and rainwater – construction of leaky tanks, embankments on sloping lands and adoption of contour row farming, digging farm ponds, planting low height trees on the dams
Use solar energy – Get more greenery through a combination of different crops and plantation programs throughout the year.
To develop self-reliance in production of self needs, compost, vermicompost, vermiwash, liquid fertilizers and plant extracts.
Biodiversity Compliance – Develop habitat to maintain biodiversity, never use pesticides, build biodiversity.
Integration of animals – Animals are important for biological management