Those involved with agricultural plastics within the soil want to tackle the issue from a number of fronts.
Acknowledging that there isn’t any silver bullet, the FAO report outlines a wide range of suggestions that span a number of completely different coverage arenas, together with eliminating the usage of probably the most problematic agricultural plastics, investing in biodegradable substitutes, and obligatory prolonged producer accountability obligations for applicable end-of-life administration. The authors of the report additionally counsel establishing a world, voluntary code of conduct on sustainable use, which can be mentioned by the FAO’s Committee on Agriculture in July, mentioned Thompson, one of many report’s authors.
“A voluntary code can have a much wider scope, because it doesn’t require consensus between all the countries that are debating it,” mentioned Thompson. “It can set responsibilities for a wider range of stakeholders rather than just national governments.”
“There are links between the climate crisis, plastics, biodiversity, and toxics. They are all part of the same story.”
The report additionally helps mandated options. Carlini and her colleagues, for instance, are gearing up for negotiations on drafted resolutions for a world, legally binding plastics treaty on the U.N. Environment Assembly (UNEA) in Nairobi this month. While international locations joined collectively at UNEA in 2019 and former classes to move a decision on marine plastic air pollution, Carlini is advocating for policymakers to take a broader method.
“We’re extracting fossil fuels and using them to make chemicals and pesticides and plastics that are then polluting the world,” mentioned Carlini. “There are links between the climate crisis, plastics, biodiversity, and toxics. They are all part of the same story.”
Meanwhile, Nizzetto is working with PAPILLIONS, a analysis challenge supported by the European Commission to review the lifecycle of agricultural plastics and their long-term impacts. The group is looking on policymakers to determine sustainability standards for agricultural plastics, together with biodegradability requirements, life-cycle traceability, and elevated funding for analysis that investigates the advanced interactions amongst plastics and different pollution in soils, together with pesticides and heavy metals.
In the U.S., potential options to deal with agricultural plastics have been slower to develop.
The FAO report emphasizes options that embrace the “polluter pays” precept, together with Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes that promote closed-loop recycling of agricultural plastics, funded by the firms that produce them. With a mandated EPR system, the producers of agricultural plastics could be chargeable for funding and creating the infrastructure wanted to gather and recycle these supplies primarily based on authorities rules that define sustainable administration.
“If the corporation is required to pay for end-of-life disposal and it’s costly, they will be incentivized to reduce the toxins in their products or design them for recyclability,” mentioned Suna Bayrakal, director of coverage and applications on the Boston-based Product Stewardship Institute. “EPR laws shift the financial and management responsibility to the producers, all while retaining government oversight.”
EPR applications presently exist in 33 states and Washington, D.C. for a wide range of merchandise like batteries, paint, prescribed drugs, and tires. Last 12 months, Maine and Oregon handed the first-ever U.S. EPR legal guidelines to require firms that put shopper packaging available on the market to contribute to the prices of assortment and recycling. But few of those mandates cowl agricultural plastics, except for California’s recycling program for pesticide containers of 55 gallons or much less.