UCCE, USDA California Local weather Hub launch CalAgroClimate decision-support software
Local weather and climate variability pose growing dangers to farmers. As world leaders collect in Egypt at COP27 to deal with the local weather disaster, College of California Cooperative Extension and the USDA California Local weather Hub are launching new web-based instruments to supply farmers with regionally related and crop-specific data to make manufacturing choices that cut back threat.
“Integrating historic climate knowledge and forecast data with significant agricultural determination assist data holds the potential to cut back a crop’s vulnerability to such dangers,” mentioned Tapan Pathak, UC Cooperative Extension local weather adaptation specialist at UC Merced.
Citrus fruit will be broken by frost and freezing temperatures.
“To offer easy accessibility to high-resolution knowledge within the type of agroclimate instruments and data, and to reinforce agricultural resilience to local weather and weather-related dangers, we’re launching CalAgroClimate,” Pathak mentioned.
Pathak is collaborating on constructing the choice assist software with companions from the U.S. Division of Agriculture, California Local weather Hub, UC Cooperative Extension and UC Agriculture and Pure Assets’ Informatics and Geographic Data Programs or IGIS.
“CalAgroClimate has been designed to assist climate-enabled determination making for these working within the California specialty crop business,” mentioned Steven Ostoja, Director USDA California Local weather Hub. “The USDA California Local weather Hub is a proud collaborator on this essential initiative to make sure the state’s agricultural business can proceed to thrive in a way forward for climate change.”
Shane Feirer and Robert Johnson of UC ANR IGIS designed the interactive instruments on the web site and Lauren Parker of the USDA California Local weather Hub contributed to content material group.An advisory panel composed of colleagues from UCCE and the Pure Assets Conservation Service guarantee CalAgroClimate instruments are related to stakeholder wants.
“CalAgroClimate is a tremendous new software that places complete previous and forecast climate knowledge at any grower’s disposal,” mentioned Mark Battany, UC Cooperative Extension water administration and biometeorology advisor for San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara counties.
“California’s high-value crops are topic to a myriad of weather-related threat elements; this software will enable growers to raised handle each near-term and long-term dangers, and ultimately develop extra profitably, mentioned Battany, who’s a member of the CalAgroClimate advisory panel.
Growers and crop consultants can use CalAgroClimate’s crop and location-specific instruments and sources to assist make on-farm choices, akin to getting ready for frost or premature rain and making the most of anticipated favorable circumstances.
CalAgroClimate at the moment contains warmth advisory, frost advisory, cropphenology and pest advisory instruments.
Warmth advisory software: Excessive warmth poses a hazard for individuals, animals and crops. With this software, customers can choose location and temperature threshold (e.g. 90 F, 95 F 100 F) based mostly on their crop-specific warmth tolerance degree and the software will present a custom-made map of warmth threat for subsequent seven days for that location, together with the variety of consecutive days with temperature above that threshold. Customers may assess general warmth dangers throughout the state for a particular temperature threshold as effectively. Having an early warning about sizzling temperatures, growers can take steps to cut back dangers related to excessive warmth akin to offering shade, altering farm staff’ schedules and making use of extra irrigation.
Frost advisory software: Frost threat is a really critical situation for a lot of specialty crops throughout California. Just like the warmth advisory software, this software gives a custom-made map of frost advisory for subsequent seven days for a consumer’s location, and forecast of consecutive days with temperature falling beneath the chosen temperature thresholds (e.g. 35 F, 32 F, 28 F). Just like the warmth advisory, early warning about chilly temperatures can present growers a while to guard their crops from frost injury.
Crop phenology software: The scientists have developed a-crop particular and location-specific crop phenology software to assist customers maintain observe of rising diploma days accumulations and estimate crucial development levels. CalAgroClimate makes use of a high-resolution PRISM dataset to supply close to real-time crop phenology data to customers. This software will inform growers about how their crop growth compares to earlier years, which will be useful in planning actions particular to crucial development levels.
Pest advisory software: Just like crops, growth of sure pests and ailments is managed by temperature and warmth unit accumulations. With the pest advisory software, growers can maintain observe of estimated pest generations throughout the rising season to make pest administration choices.
“We’re launching the web site with this preliminary set of instruments whereas engaged on including extra crop-specific data and several other new instruments within the close to future, ” Pathak mentioned. “We look ahead to getting suggestions from growers who use CalAgroClimate to make it much more helpful.”