India’s vision for climate justice: COP28 and beyond

Because the world confronts the urgent actuality of the local weather disaster, the necessity for strong local weather financing has by no means been extra pressing. With the twenty eighth Convention of the Events (COP) beneath the auspices of the United Nations Local weather Change Convention on the horizon, India stands able to take a resolute stance, advocating for adaptation, fairness, and monetary help within the battle in opposition to the local weather disaster. At this pivotal second in historical past, the timeless phrases of Mahatma Gandhi resound powerfully, reminding us that the long run hinges on the actions we take within the current. On this current second, India’s unwavering participation at COP28 underscores the paramount significance of local weather financing in shaping a sustainable future for all.

Climate change(AP) Local weather change(AP)

Central to India’s proposed strategy at COP28 is the profound recognition that adaptation and fairness are cornerstones within the struggle in opposition to climate change. Whereas world efforts to mitigate greenhouse gasoline emissions are important, equal weight should be positioned on bolstering resilience and adapting to the challenges that come up from a altering local weather. Local weather justice mandates that susceptible international locations obtain the monetary help and strong infrastructure wanted to fight the far-reaching impacts of climate change. Secretary of the ministry of atmosphere, forest and climate change, Leena Nandan, rightly emphasised the need for motion and discussions on loss and damages, together with the operationalisation of the Loss and Damages fund. These endeavours underscore India’s steadfast dedication to addressing the human and financial toll of climate change.

But, the street forward will not be with out its formidable monetary challenges. The duty of addressing the local weather disaster calls for large monetary commitments. Estimates reveal that the worldwide transition to a low-carbon financial system would require an annual funding of $4-6 trillion till 2050. To realize net-zero emissions targets by 2030, the renewable power sector alone necessitates a yearly funding of no less than $4 trillion. Furthermore, growing international locations would require roughly $6 trillion between 2022 and 2030 to efficiently implement their local weather motion plans. To fulfill these staggering challenges, no less than 5% of the worldwide Gross Home Product (GDP) should be channeled in the direction of local weather motion every year.

The celebrated aim of developed international locations pledging $100 billion yearly by 2020 to help growing nations of their local weather motion endeavors, although commendable, falls wanting addressing the total scope of the local weather problem. As we strategy 2030, studies point out that exterior local weather finance of $1 trillion per yr might be required, considerably exceeding the present mobilised quantity of $50-80 billion yearly. Moreover, in 2020, solely $83.3 billion was offered to growing and rising economies, typically within the type of concessional and non-concessional loans.

India, cognisant of the urgency surrounding local weather financing, has launched into vital initiatives to deal with the problem. Notably, the institution of the Nationwide Adaptation Fund for Local weather Change (NAFCC) and the Nationwide Clear Power Fund function shining examples of India’s dedication to selling clear power and supporting climate-resilient infrastructure. Nevertheless, regardless of these commendable efforts, vital funding gaps persist. The Local weather Finance Working Group’s estimation that ₹118 trillion might be wanted to deal with climate change, with solely RS 64 trillion at the moment accessible and ₹54 trillion unrestricted, necessitates modern financing options. On this regard, India’s Growth Monetary Establishments (DFIs) and business banks should play a pivotal position in elevating home funds and channeling sources from overseas to successfully bridge this hole. Furthermore, it’s important for Indian corporates to take a stride ahead in bolstering the carbon market, consequently prompting the necessity for better innovation.

Even inside the bounds of the Paris Settlement, it stays essential for India to implement and strengthen actions prescribed beneath Article 6.4. This includes establishing a Clear Growth Mechanism, which was beforehand fashioned beneath the Kyoto Protocol. By doing so, India can profit from carbon credit obtained by means of the cap-and-trade system, which has confirmed efficient in mitigating sulphur air pollution through the Nineties, thereby balancing the wheels of improvement with the local weather disaster.

Because the curtain rises on COP28, the crucial for world collaboration on local weather financing is clearer than ever earlier than. India’s proactive engagement, collaborative efforts with developed and rising economies, and unwavering dedication to confronting local weather challenges place the nation as an exemplary advocate for local weather financing. Nonetheless, the success of monetary commitments by developed international locations and transformative adjustments within the worldwide monetary system are pivotal to delivering local weather financing on the scale obligatory to deal with the worldwide local weather disaster.

India’s partnership with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the host of COP28, holds vital promise for reaching success on the convention. Throughout his latest go to to the UAE, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reaffirmed the dedication of each nations to make sure the convention’s success. Because the G20 president, India’s influential position can contribute to delivering a transparent political framework and shaping the outcomes anticipated at COP28. With G20 international locations answerable for over 80% of world emissions, their coverage selections will undoubtedly play a pivotal position in driving the required transformation.

At COP28, the important thing areas of focus will revolve round mitigation, adaptation, loss and damages, and finance. Stronger emission discount commitments are urgently required to fight the alarming trajectory of world warming. Local weather finance stays a important subject, necessitating the mobilisation of funds and reform of the worldwide monetary system to help local weather motion. On this transformation, non-public finance and the reform of multilateral improvement banks are indispensable elements.

India, alongside different growing nations, is championing a brand new world local weather finance goal, acknowledging the mounting prices of addressing and adapting to the local weather disaster. India, on this context, also needs to take lead in carbon pricing by setting a base value (reflective of the exterior prices of GHG emissions), as an effort in the direction of mitigation and discount of GHG emissions. The G20’s management in driving change and scaling up local weather finance is pivotal for reaching the progress wanted by COP28.

As we embark on the journey to COP28, the eyes of the world are upon India and its imaginative and prescient for local weather financing. On this defining second, the nation’s unwavering dedication and dedication function a beacon of hope for a sustainable future. The time for motion is now, and the worldwide group should come collectively, united within the pursuit of local weather financing and a harmonious dance in the direction of a sustainable future for generations to come back. Within the phrases of Rabindranath Tagore, “The identical stream of life that runs by means of my veins evening and day runs by means of the world and dances in rhythmic measures.” Allow us to heed these profound phrases and dance in concord, coalescing our efforts within the noble struggle in opposition to climate change. India’s deal with local weather financing units a robust instance, urging the world to behave decisively and collaboratively on this defining second for humanity and the planet.

This text is authored by Anil Agrawal, Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha and Kaviraj Singh, founder and managing director, Earthood.