India’s inexperienced cowl rises, touches practically one-fourth of geographical space: Report | India Information


NEW DELHI: India’s inexperienced cowl has touched practically one-fourth of its geographical space with “forests” and “timber exterior recorded forest areas” put collectively recording a rise of two,261 sq km (0.3%) in 2021 in comparison with the earlier evaluation in 2019, exhibits the newest India State of Forest Report (ISFR 2021) launched on Thursday.
The overall inexperienced (forests and timber) cowl has now reached 8,09,537 sq km (24.6% of geographical space), which incorporates 7,13,789 sq km of forest cowl — 21.7% of the world. General, forest cowl has recorded a rise of 1,540 sq km (0.2%) whereas tree cowl elevated by 721 sq km (0.8%) prior to now two years.
Releasing ISFR 2021, setting minister Bhupender Yadav emphasised on the federal government’s precedence to focus not simply on rising/conserving the forest cowl quantitatively but additionally enriching it qualitatively, and famous that 17 states/UT’s have above 33% of the geographical space below forest cowl.


Yadav additionally underlined India’s dedication to extend inexperienced cowl, and reminded what Prime Minister Narendra Modi had promised on the UN local weather convention (COP26) in Glasgow (UK) in November final yr when he appealed to world leaders to deal with LIFE (Life-style for Surroundings) as a joint international marketing campaign for a sustainable future.
ISFR 2021 exhibits that 5 states/UTs — Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya — have greater than 75% forest cowl whereas 12 states/UTs — Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Goa, Kerala, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Assam, Odisha — have forest cowl between 33% and 75%.
General, the rise in forest cowl has, nevertheless, been primarily noticed within the “open forest” class adopted by “very dense forest”. Forest cowl consists of all land a couple of hectare in space with a tree cover density of greater than 10%. Land with a tree cover density of 70% and above is classed as “very dense forest (VDF)” whereas land with a cover density of 10% and extra however lower than 40% is classed as “open forest (OF)”.
Equally, land with a cover density of 40% and extra however lower than 70% is put below the “reasonably dense forest (MDF)” class, which, the truth is, reported a decline of 1,582 sq km in 2021 in comparison with 2019. Along with the three density lessons, scrub areas (forest lands with a cover density of lower than 10%) have additionally been categorised and mapped. However scrub areas aren’t a part of the forest cowl.
The highest three states exhibiting a rise in forest cowl are Andhra Pradesh (647 sq km), Telangana (632 sq km) and Odisha (537 sq km). Space-wise, Madhya Pradesh has the biggest forest cowl within the nation adopted by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra. By way of forest cowl as proportion of complete geographical space, the highest 5 states are Mizoram (84.5%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.3%), Meghalaya (76%), Manipur (74.3%) and Nagaland (73.9%).
The report supplies info on forest cowl, tree cowl, mangrove cowl, rising inventory, carbon inventory in India’s forests, forest hearth monitoring, above-ground estimates of biomass utilizing satellite tv for pc knowledge and local weather change hotspots in Indian forests. The forest and tree cowl areas have been derived from full wall-to-wall mapping of the nation’s forest cowl utilizing distant sensing strategies, pattern plot-based nationwide forest stock and particular research carried out on the nationwide stage.
The Forest Survey of India, which ready the report, claimed that the satellite tv for pc knowledge interpretation is adopted by rigorous floor truthing. “Data from different collateral sources can also be used to enhance the accuracy of the interpreted picture. The accuracy stage achieved within the present evaluation is considerably excessive,” mentioned the setting ministry.
It claimed that the accuracy of forest cowl classification has been assessed at 92.9%. “The accuracy of classification between forest and non-forest lessons has been assessed 95.8% in opposition to internationally accepted accuracy of classification of greater than 85%,” mentioned the ministry.
The biennial report has additionally for the primary time included a particular chapter on forest cowl evaluation in tiger reserves, tiger hall areas, lion conservation areas and in seven main cities — Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai and Kolkata. It’s seen that Delhi has the biggest forest cowl, adopted by Mumbai and Bengaluru.
The most recent evaluation additionally exhibits a rise of 17 sq km in complete mangrove cowl (4,992 sq km in 2021) within the nation as in comparison with the earlier evaluation. The highest three states exhibiting mangrove cowl improve are Odisha (8 sq km), Maharashtra (4 sq km) and Karnataka (3 sq km).


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