Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Illegal commerce in environmentally delicate items, akin to threatened wildlife, timber, hazardous waste, and ozone-depleting substances, has been a long-standing subject within the worldwide commerce and atmosphere agenda. Developing efficient insurance policies to cut back unlawful commerce requires a transparent understanding of what drives this commerce and the circumstances below which it thrives.

In this report, proof based mostly on customs knowledge and knowledge from licensing schemes is used to doc the dimensions of unlawful commerce, in addition to the financial and environmental impacts of such commerce. National and worldwide insurance policies have an vital position to play in regulating and decreasing unlawful commerce and the report highlights a variety of measures that may be taken at each ranges.

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Table of contents

Chapter 1. Defining unlawful commerce in environmentally delicate items

  • Wildlife
  • Timber
  • Fish
  • Hazardous waste
  • Chemicals

Chapter 2. Key drivers and fundamental impacts of unlawful commerce

  • What drives unlawful commerce?
  • Enabling environments for unlawful commerce
  • The impacts of unlawful commerce
  • Annex 2.A1: The position of China

Chapter 3. Assessing unlawful commerce flows based mostly on customs and licensing scheme knowledge

Chapter 4. Licensing and commerce controls for environmentally delicate items

  • Licensing methods for wildlife — CITES
  • Licensing system for timber — FLEGT
  • Licensing system for fish – CCAMLR Catch Documentation Scheme
  • Licensing system for chemical substances — the Rotterdam Convention
  • ODS and the Montreal Protocol
  • Licensing system for waste — Basel Convention

Chapter 5. The impact of home environmental insurance policies on unlawful commerce

  • The institution of property rights over environmental assets
  • Taxes, prices and funds for environmental assets

Chapter 6. Illegal commerce in environmentally delicate items: Conclusions

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