Tomatoes may be grown fairly simply from seed, and you need to use seeds collected from tomatoes you’ve grown your self, or from ones you’ve buy from the greengrocer!
There are a number of tips to saving tomato seeds, as they’re moist seeded crops, which have seeds embedded within the damp flesh of fruits. When tomato seeds are cleaned and dried appropriately, they are often saved in a cool, dry place for as much as 5 years or longer.
Only two vegetable plant households have wet-seeded fruits, the Solanaceae household, which incorporates tomatoes, capsicums, eggplants, and the Cucurbitaceae household, which incorporates cucumbers, melons, squashes.
Which Tomatoes to Use for Seed Saving
Always depart the earliest and largest tomato fruit, or best and strongest vegetation of the season for seed assortment. Resist the temptation to eat the primary tomatoes!
To mark which tomatoes had been produced first, you possibly can loosely tie a chunk of string, wire twist tie or different materials that’s colored and stands out. Tie it above the cluster of fruit, or across the stem of the plant.
The beauty of seed saving and rising from your individual seeds is that every technology of tomatoes will grow to be, greater, extra productive, and higher suited to the native situations.
The most dependable tomato varieties to make use of for seed saving are:
Heirloom varieties, these are open pollinated (non-hybrid) tomato cultivars (cultivated varieties or breeds) which might be over 50 years previous and have been preserved by way of generations by cautious seed saving.
Varieties which might be recognized to develop and produce properly in your native space.
Which Tomatoes You Should NOT Use for Seed Saving
Never accumulate seeds produced from F1-hybrid vegetation. An F1 hybrid is the primary technology offspring from a deliberate cross-pollination of two particular mother or father plant varieties. The seeds is not going to produce the identical plant because the mother or father plant!
When you purchase a packet of seeds, or a punnet of seedlings (small vegetation), the label will point out if the tomato selection is an F1 hybrid. Since you possibly can’t save the seeds of F1 hybrid vegetation, as a result of they aren’t true-to-seed, skip them and choose a extra helpful selection.
If you purchase natural tomatoes from the greengrocer, they are going to be open-pollinated varieties and never hybrids. So, if you buy some, and like their flavour, save their seeds and plant them up in spring!
How to Save Tomato Seeds
Tomatoes are moist seeded crops, which have seeds embedded of their damp flesh, so we have to use the method of rinsing to separate the seeds from the pulp when saving tomato seeds.
To rinse tomato seeds:
Step 1. Cut the tomato in half lengthwise.
Step 2. Scoop out the seeds and pulp right into a strainer.
Step 3. Put the strainer underneath reasonably pressurised working water.
Step 4. While underneath working water, rub the contents of the strainer together with your fingers, and rinse till the seeds are clear and freed from pulp.
Once the seeds have been rinsed freed from the pulp, they subsequent step within the seed-saving course of is drying.
Step 5. Dry seeds the seeds by inserting the strainer in a location with good air circulation, to allow them to dry as rapidly as attainable, to scale back the chance of illness, or the seeds getting mouldy.
A handy location for seed drying is the kitchen windowsill, as proven under. Ideally the place needs to be heat, however not too heat, and never in scorching, direct solar as extra warmth can harm the seeds.
Sitting the strainer with seeds on a paper towel for a couple of minutes first, to absorb the surplus water, quickens drying time significantly.
Other drying strategies embrace spreading a really skinny layer of seeds onto a wire display screen, a chunk of wooden, a pan or tray, or any arduous, non-stick floor, together with the strainer used within the rinsing course of.
Keep in thoughts that seeds will stick badly to paper towels, cardboard, newspaper or fabric if it’s used as a drying floor.
Step 6. Leave the seeds to dry for a number of days.
Step 7. Place the dried seeds in an acceptable container or envelope, and label it. Include plant title, selection, date collected (and use-by) on the label.
Labelled envelopes of seeds may be positioned inside sturdier containers to raised shield them. Place envelopes or containers of seed in a cool, dry place to make sure most seed storage life.