How Nebraska’s Governor Became A General In A Right-Wing War Against Biden’s Conservation Goal


Margaret Byfield wasn’t going to attend for precise info. She’d shortly concluded that the Biden administration’s purpose of conserving 30% of America’s lands and waters by 2030, recognized informally as “30×30,” was a “massive federal land grab” within the making. What she wanted now have been troopers for her opposition marketing campaign. The extra highly effective, the higher.

Byfield, the manager director of American Stewards of Liberty, a fringe, right-wing group that has ties to the fossil gas business and has change into a magnet for anti-federal land zealots, would discover her star in Nebraska Republican Gov. Pete Ricketts.

Before lengthy, American Stewards constructed a comfy relationship with Ricketts’ workplace — one which catapulted the Republican governor to the very high of a rising and profitable anti-30×30 disinformation marketing campaign.

Internal communications HuffPost obtained through a public report request to Ricketts’ workplace present Byfield performing as a shadow adviser of the governor, not solely on 30×30 however different environmental coverage points. She even performed a direct position in crafting an government order the governor signed in late June geared toward stopping President Joe Biden from implementing his 30×30 plan in Nebraska.

One of the governor’s high aides, Taylor Gage, was in common contact with Byfield between February and November of final 12 months. The two saved each other abreast of their anti-30×30 efforts and shared supplies forward of a collection of city halls the governor held across the state to “raise awareness about the threat 30×30 poses to our way of life here in Nebraska.” They additionally strategized about coping with reporters and which media shops may greatest assist them get their message out.

Byfield’s emails embody language resembling what a top-ranking staffer would possibly say: issues like “we need to respond” and “I don’t think we need to comment on this.” At one level she acted as a liaison between Ricketts’ workplace and fellow 30×30 foe Rep. Lauren Boebert (R-Colo.), requesting and apparently securing a assertion from Ricketts in help of Boebert’s laws geared toward blocking the Biden 30×30 pledge.

On Friday, which is Earth Day, American Stewards will sponsor a “STOP 30×30 Summit” in Lincoln, Nebraska — what Byfield has described as “the most important conference” her group has ever organized. It will likely be a who’s who of land switch proponents, local weather change deniers, conservation foes and sympathizers of anti-government extremists.

A launch in regards to the summit that went out final month boasted that it’s going to “spoil environmentalist’s [sic] Earth Day” and “send the clear message that America’s landowners would not be ‘voluntarily’ surrendering their property rights to the environmental agenda.”

Ricketts is internet hosting the occasion and can share the stage with Byfield, Boebert, Trump-era Interior Secretary David Bernhardt, anti-federal land Utah state Rep. Ken Ivory (R) and different main figures of the anti-30×30 motion.

The occasion’s sponsors embody three of the nation’s fiercest proponents of local weather change denialism — the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow, The Heritage Foundation, and The Heartland Institute — and Protect the Harvest, a pro-agriculture, anti-animal rights group based by oil tycoon Forrest Lucas.

Lucas and Protect the Harvest performed an outsized position in securing President Donald Trump’s pardons for Dwight Lincoln Hammond Jr. and Steven Hammond, the father-son Oregon ranchers whose arson conviction sparked the armed takeover of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.

Byfield, Ricketts’ workplace and Gage, who’s now government director of the Nebraska Republican Party, didn’t reply to HuffPost’s requests for remark.

And American Stewards was selective about which media can attend the “most important conference” in its historical past: The group denied HuffPost credentials to cowl it.

Margaret Byfield, executive director of American Stewards of Liberty, speaks at an anti-30x30 information session in Lea County, New Mexico, in July 2021. Her Texas-based nonprofit is leading the charge against the Biden administration's conservation target.
Margaret Byfield, government director of American Stewards of Liberty, speaks at an anti-30×30 info session in Lea County, New Mexico, in July 2021. Her Texas-based nonprofit is main the cost in opposition to the Biden administration’s conservation goal.

Blake Ovard/Hobbs News-Sun

30×30 And The Right’s Deceptive War

Biden’s 30×30 goal is in step with a proposed United Nations framework for safeguarding biodiversity amid the deepening extinction and local weather crises, and has rising help inside the international scientific group.

A week after taking workplace, Biden adopted via on a marketing campaign promise and set 30×30 as a nationwide purpose. His government order established a course of for participating with a broad vary of stakeholders, from states and Native American tribes to farmers and anglers, to get enter about how greatest to attain the 30% goal. (Approximately 12% of all U.S. lands are actually completely protected, based on the U.S. Geological Survey.)

There is completely nothing to recommend the plan, which the administration has since branded “America the Beautiful,” will contain confiscating property or misleading techniques to realize management of personal land. In an preliminary report outlining its imaginative and prescient for safeguarding and restoring 30% of lands and waters by the tip of the last decade, the Biden administration dedicated to “collaboration, support for voluntary and locally led conservation and honoring of Tribal sovereignty and private property rights.”

The general lack of element in Biden’s preliminary directive, nevertheless, allowed paranoia and conspiratorial pondering to permeate conservative circles. Almost instantly, American Stewards labeled 30×30 a “land grab” and warned its viewers that the Biden initiative “hands the powers of the Federal regulatory agencies to a movement that has been working to abolish private property for decades.”

Within weeks, Ricketts can be a high soldier within the anti-30×30 motion.

According to the paperwork obtained by HuffPost, American Stewards started to speak with Ricketts’ staffer inside weeks of Biden’s order. On Feb. 17, 2021, Byfield obtained an e mail from Tanya Storer, a rancher and commissioner in rural Cherry County, Nebraska, who’d not too long ago requested her to assist combat a proposed conservation easement at a non-public ranch within the space.

Storer knowledgeable Byfield that she’d not too long ago mentioned the 30×30 initiative along with her “friend” and “colleague” Gage, then the governor’s director of strategic communications, and wished to introduce the 2 of them so they might coordinate a time for Byfield to sit down down with Ricketts. “I am anxious for the two of you to visit,” Storer wrote.

In a response the next day, Byfield expressed her curiosity in briefing Ricketts on Biden’s “very concerning” effort. She declared that the president’s crew had been “populated by the extreme faction of the environmental movement.” And she shared supplies with Gage that her small nonprofit had put collectively on 30×30, together with “fact sheets” and mannequin resolutions that native governments may cross to oppose this system.

“We believe States and local governments need to speak out against this,” Byfield wrote to Gage. “Land ownership and management should not be dictated from Washington, D.C., but should be determined at the local level.”

Byfield met with Ricketts on the state capitol in Lincoln on March 10, emails present. And quickly after, Ricketts was publicly echoing Byfield’s “land grab” rhetoric and different anti-30×30 speaking factors.

“When the agriculture secretary [Tom Vilsack] says it’s not a land grab, then you know it is a land grab,” Ricketts advised a crowd at one among his anti-30×30 city corridor conferences again in June. Projected on a display behind him was a picture of a distant highway beneath storm clouds and the phrases “30×30 LAND GRAB.” It was taken straight from American Stewards’ web site.

Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) held a series of town halls last year, helping to turn the Cornhusker State into ground zero for 30x30 opposition. To date, more than 60 counties have passed resolutions opposed to the conservation initiative, according to American Stewards of Liberty.
Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) held a collection of city halls final 12 months, serving to to show the Cornhusker State into floor zero for 30×30 opposition. To date, greater than 60 counties have handed resolutions against the conservation initiative, based on American Stewards of Liberty.

MIKE THEILER/AFP through Getty Images

American Stewards of Liberty was fashioned in 2009, nevertheless it has its roots within the anti-government Sagebrush Rebellion motion that began within the Seventies and sought to take away lands from federal management. One of its precursors is Stewards of the Range, which was established in 1992 to defend Byfield’s father, Nevada rancher and sagebrush insurgent Wayne Hage, who battled with the Forest Service for years over unpermitted grazing on public lands — a prequel of types to the armed standoff at Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy’s ranch that gave rise to an extremist militia motion.

American Stewards is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. The majority of its income comes from donations, main presents, and earnings from trainings, talking charges and consulting contracts with native governments. Between 2015 and 2019, Kane County, Utah, paid the group $483,000 for land-use consulting and authorized providers, The Salt Lake Tribune reported. Over that very same five-year interval, Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust, two teams that obtained hundreds of thousands from the fossil gas moguls Charles and David Koch and have funneled big quantities of darkish cash to local weather change denial and different conservative causes, gave American Stewards at the least $170,000, based on the Center for Media and Democracy.

Byfield and her husband are the group’s solely full-time workers. In 2019, the latest 12 months for which tax info is out there, their mixed salaries accounted for $192,381 of a complete of $308,647 in spending.

On its web site, the group says it’s “dedicated to protecting private property rights, defending the use of our land, and restoring local control.” In the previous, fulfilling that mission has largely consisted of consulting on the county degree on land administration points, working to get imperiled species faraway from the federal endangered species listing and contesting environmental guidelines.

But when Biden dropped his 30×30 plan in early 2021, the group latched on and didn’t let go. It has fought the conservation goal with a mix of misinformation, conspiracy theories and fear-mongering, because the left-leaning Center for Western Priorities exhaustively detailed in a report earlier this week. Some have questioned if the group’s anti-30×30 marketing campaign flouts federal guidelines for tax-exempt nonprofits.

At a latest look earlier than the San Juan County Commission in New Mexico, Byfield declared that non-public land is a “major target” of 30×30 and that “the ultimate goal is to eliminate use of the land.”

Other rhetoric has been utterly outlandish. At one among her anti-30×30 coaching classes in South Dakota, Byfield promptly agreed when an attendee in contrast 30×30 to the Holodomor, a man-made famine that occurred in Ukraine throughout Soviet Union dictator Josef Stalin’s rule and resulted within the deaths of an estimated 3.9 million individuals.

At that very same occasion, Trent Loos, a Nebraska rancher and radio present host who served on former President Donald Trump’s agricultural advisory committee and now helps American Stewards with its marketing campaign, in contrast 30×30 to Nazi Germany.

And in its information on how states, counties and native landowners can combat 30×30, American Stewards claims that “there is no credible scientific reasoning or facts that support the need to preserve any specific amount of land to ‘cure’ climate change.”

Ricketts parroted that declare in a June interview with conservative radio host Dana Loesch, saying 30×30 is “not based on any science or data.”

The world’s premier local weather analysis physique disagrees. In a sweeping report on local weather impacts and vulnerability earlier this 12 months, the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded that “maintaining the resilience of biodiversity and ecosystem services at a global scale depends on effective and equitable conservation of approximately 30% to 50% of Earth’s land, freshwater and ocean areas.”

In some ways, American Stewards’ opposition push has already been an enormous success. The group stoked concern in rural communities throughout the West and Midwest, elevating its personal model within the course of. It satisfied dozens of native authorities our bodies to cross its prefabricated resolutions opposing 30×30: To date, greater than 130 counties and different localities throughout 13 states have adopted the mannequin resolutions, based on a tally on American Stewards’ web site.

And a rising variety of Republican lawmakers and allied right-wing organizations are peddling the group’s speaking factors and dealing to drum up opposition.

But few have confirmed themself an even bigger champion of the trigger than Ricketts. Center for Western Priorities dubbed him “the political hub of 30×30 disinformation.”

A Direct Line To Ricketts

In early April, a couple of month after Byfield briefed Ricketts on the state Capitol, she checked in with Gage, her contact within the governor’s workplace, to see how the letter he was spearheading in opposition to 30×30 was coming alongside. In an e mail to Gage, Byfield famous that she was going to be holding anti-30×30 occasions in Oklahoma, Montana and South Dakota within the coming weeks and provided to help if Gage wanted to safe signatures from the governors of these states.

While the emails don’t point out that Gage took her up on that supply or that Byfield was concerned in crafting the opposition letter, they do present that Byfield had advance data of Ricketts’ actions.

“Governors have been responding positively,” Gage wrote. “I expect the final letter by April 16th.”

A couple of weeks later, on April 21, Gage despatched Byfield the finalized letter that Ricketts and 14 different Republican governors, together with these from Oklahoma, Montana and South Dakota, had despatched to Biden. In it, the group outlined their considerations and speculated that 30×30 would violate non-public property rights and harm native economies.

Byfield praised the letter and thanked Ricketts for his management. She additionally knowledgeable Gage that she’d spoken earlier that day with a Fox News reporter who was pitching a narrative on 30×30 and provided to ship the journalist the governors’ letter and Gage’s contact info.

“Go for it!” Gage replied. “We’d be happy to go on Fox News to discuss.”

Later that day, Byfield emailed the Fox reporter to attach him with Gage, who she described as “very well versed on 30×30.” When the reporter hadn’t reached out to Ricketts’ workers per week later, Byfield contemplated “if it would be worthwhile to have some op-eds ready to go regardless of the direction of the story.”

“Thinking we should try to take advantage of the national spotlight,” she advised Gage.

“I agree – we would be happy to team up on an op-ed,” Gage replied.

The two brainstormed which shops to focus on, together with Fox News and The Wall Street Journal, however HuffPost may discover no report of Ricketts publishing an opinion in both publication. He did, nevertheless, publish at the least 5 columns about 30×30. The columns are circulated to all Nebraska papers and infrequently get revealed.

It wasn’t the one time that Byfield and Gage brainstormed media technique. When a reporter from the Omaha World-Herald reached out to Byfield in early June to ask about her group’s view of the Sagebrush Rebellion and the Bundy household’s authorities resistance, Byfield pinged Gage to ask if the reporter was “honest” and price speaking to.

“I would just provide him written comment at this point,” Gage suggested. “If he follows up again, we can visit further.”

It was round that very same time in June {that a} reporter on the Daily Beast contacted the governor’s crew to inquire about its relationship with American Stewards. Ricketts’ workplace pretended it had little if any data of the right-wing group. “Reached for comment, Ricketts’ office requested more information on American Stewards,” the Daily Beast reported.

By then, Gage had been consulting with American Stewards’ government director about 30×30 for almost 4 months. He’d already invited Byfield to talk on a panel about 30×30 at a 2-day agricultural summit the governor would host the next month — an invite that Byfield promptly accepted. And Byfield was already pulling strings within the governor’s workplace to advance her personal agenda.

This affect is especially clear in Ricketts’ government order on 30×30 — the primary of its type in any state.

In an e mail on May 27, Byfield flagged language in an order from Interior Secretary Deb Haaland that directed members of a newly created local weather process pressure to collaborate and coordinate with states and native authorities. Byfield burdened that the availability might be a “powerful tool” for Nebraska to combat 30×30 and recommended a coordination provision be included in Ricketts’ upcoming government order.

When Gage circulated a “confidential one pager” in early June, Byfield drew consideration to a Nebraska statute that requires all conservation and preservation easements to obtain approval from the native county board or different acceptable authorities physique. And she recommended the governor process the director of the Nebraska Department of Agriculture with ensuring the U.S. Department of Agriculture was conscious of necessities below state regulation.

“We may even consider providing some recommended language for this,” she wrote.

Ricketts’ government order on 30×30, signed on June 24, has Byfield’s fingerprints throughout it. The directive instructs the Nebraska Department of Revenue to “advise counties of their rights in reviewing conservation easements” pursuant to the statute Byfield underscored in her e mail. It designates Nebraska’s agricultural director because the state coordinator for the federal local weather process pressure that Haaland established in her secretarial order. And it directs the state agriculture director to “coordinate with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to ensure that the USDA is seeking proper local approvals for conservation easements” associated to federal packages.

Byfield was current on the signing ceremony.

After months of backroom collaboration, the governor’s relationship with American Stewards grew to become more and more public. In September, Ricketts interviewed Byfield for a full hour on his podcast. Among different issues, the 2 argued that an Interior Department reality sheet on 30×30 had lifted statistics — together with that 1 million species are actually prone to extinction and that the U.S. is dropping a soccer field-sized space of nature to improvement each 30 seconds — from a 2019 Center for American Progress report. (The extinction statistic is from a United Nations report. The lack of nature estimate is from a report that the Center for American Progress commissioned however that was carried out by Conservation Science Partners, a California-based science nonprofit.)

“If they were writing a high school paper, they would have gotten a D for plagiarism,” chuckled Ricketts, whose public feedback and writings have repeatedly mirrored these of American Stewards.

Byfield and Gage remained in shut contact via November. Then, instantly, communication between the governor’s workplace and American Stewards stopped, based on information offered to HuffPost. When pressed about whether or not the governor’s workplace had complied with HuffPost’s requested date vary, an adviser to the governor responded, “I presume the break in communication was likely due the resignation of Taylor Gage, Strategic Communications Specialist, on Dec. 3, 2021.”

Gage was undoubtedly Byfield’s major contact in Ricketts’ workplace. Still, internal emails point out that Byfield and the governor’s workplace had began strategizing off-email lengthy earlier than Gage’s departure out of concern that their discussions might be made public through a information request.

Byfield warned Gage a couple of watchdog group, Accountable.US, that had been submitting information requests for American Stewards’ communications with counties in quite a few states — “Your office may receive a similar request,” she wrote — and scrutinizing the group’s tax standing. Accountable.US filed a criticism with the Internal Revenue Service in May accusing the group of violating its 501(c)(3) tax-exempt standing by lobbying in opposition to 30×30 on the federal, state and native ranges.

In one other back-and-forth in September, Gage flagged a USDA announcement about $75 million in investments for climate-smart agriculture and forestry tasks on non-public lands, together with one in Nebraska.

“We need to respond…,” Byfield wrote. “Have several thoughts of what needs to go into this, but they are strategic and should not be subject to a [Freedom of Information Act] request. We could either visit by phone, or, loop in an attorney for the state so we trigger the attorney client privilege. Thoughts?”

“Would you have time for a Zoom next week?” Gage requested.




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