Dairy is a giant enterprise in Switzerland. Greater than half 1,000,000 cows produce roughly 3.4 million tons of milk annually. Dairy merchandise must be used every day, as they include vitamins which might be important for a balanced food regimen. They’re a helpful supply of vitamins at any age. That’s the reason the Swiss Society of Diet recommends consuming three parts of milk or dairy merchandise every day. Let’s try extra details about dairy farming in Switzerland.
Dairy farming is a very necessary department of agriculture in Switzerland, producing one-third of its revenue. Dairy merchandise, together with milk, yogurt, and cheese, are an necessary a part of the food regimen in Switzerland. Milk manufacturing in Switzerland is characterised by small constructions. The typical farm has 24 hectares and 24 cows with milk manufacturing of 5,700 kg per cow per 12 months. Nevertheless, the productive constructions in Switzerland are fairly numerous about half of the grassland is an alpine pasture the place the fields are smaller than the valley areas.
Milk manufacturing is a very powerful department of Switzerland’s agricultural trade. It is because Switzerland has a whole lot of grasslands and thus sufficient fodder for the cows. There are about 20,000 dairy farmers in Switzerland, elevating a complete of about 560,000 cows, producing about 4 billion kilograms of milk yearly. The variety of dairy cows has decreased lately, however milk manufacturing has remained secure as milk manufacturing per cow has elevated on the identical time.
The yield per cow is about 7000 kg of milk per 12 months. A Swiss cow produces 20 to 35 kg of milk every day relying on its breed and age. Milk can be utilized to make many merchandise. In Switzerland, cheese manufacturing is especially necessary. Milk processors additionally produce ingesting milk, butter, cream, yogurt, and different dairy merchandise. For instance, some milk is processed into secure milk merchandise akin to condensed milk or powdered milk.
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Switzerland is thought worldwide for its high-quality cheese. In consequence, cheese is a very powerful export product of the Swiss agricultural trade. The range of crops, together with rain and daylight, implies that Swiss milk has historically been richer and tastier than milk from flatter farming areas. To present 1 liter of milk to a cow, it wants no less than 2 liters of water and 4 kg of recent grass.
Earlier than opening any potential enterprise, you will need to put together a dairy marketing strategy. A dairy marketing strategy might be made holding in thoughts many components, a very powerful of that are market wants. The principle purpose is to serve the purchasers, and it’s worthwhile to review the goal space the place you wish to arrange a dairy farm. Some necessary components in a marketing strategy embody geography, family varieties, revenue, location tradition, and so forth.
Based mostly on all these components, the under selections must be included in your marketing strategy;
- The kind of dairy animal you wish to preserve, akin to cow, buffalo, goat, and so forth.
- Variety of dairy animals – 10, 15, 20, 25, and so forth.
- The services you wish to embody – breastfeeding facility, winter facility, housing facility, and so forth.
The necessary dairy farm equipment is dependent upon the dimensions of your dairy farm. The dairy farm gear is split into two broad classes;
- Milk processing gear – Tanks, Separators, Pasteurizers, Homogenizers, Milking Machines.
- Farm gear – Generator, fodder truck, stress washer, fodder block machine, fodder compacting press, milking cans, feed grinder, and so forth.
Dairy feed administration in Switzerland
Swiss cows eat primarily Swiss coarse fodder, which is plentiful in Switzerland. Bettering animal well being with higher administration and higher diet will assist scale back manufacturing losses. Dairy cows eat fodder which is 92% Swiss, consisting primarily of grass, hay, herbs, or corn (86%). Pure fodder appropriate for cattle, coarse fodder is plentiful in Switzerland.
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Swiss roughage meets four-fifths of the dietary wants of cows. A cow eats 70 to 80 kg of indigenous grass every day and 15 to twenty kg of hay in winter. Corn and silage are the second-largest meals within the Swiss province. Typically, fodder in Switzerland have to be freed from meals from genetically modified crops and animals.
Switzerland’s local weather, soil, and topography are perfect for grass manufacturing, also referred to as roughage. That’s the reason the entire cultural panorama is characterised by meadows and pastures. The grass is the primary meals of ruminants like cows, sheep, and goats. They flip it into meat or milk. About 86% of the feed given to Swiss dairy cows is malnutrition.
Breed choice and vaccination
cow breed must be chosen to provide extra milk. As well as, to manage illnesses and defend the well being of cows, their caretaker ought to have a strict vaccination schedule. Vaccinating animals helps stimulate the immune response with out inflicting illness. It causes pores and skin publicity to disease-causing organisms, the place the animal’s immune system can bear in mind the infectious agent that causes the animal to be vaccinated.
Swiss dairy firms
- Emmi AG
- Von Mühlenen
Dairy breeds in Switzerland
Swiss Holstein – Swiss Holstein cows are necessary for his or her excessive milk efficiency and milk amount in response to the market. Different properties embody speedy milk and early maturity. The useful kind has performed an necessary function in breeding for many years, leading to tightly related nipples, proper legs, and toes, nice potential, and power. That is one motive why Swiss Holstein cattle have gained prominence in Europe lately. They’ve gained or are on the high of many European Championships, whatever the dimension of their inhabitants. That’s the reason they’ve develop into so well-liked around the globe, regardless of the massive competitors.
Swiss Fleckvieh – Swiss Fleckvieh is a crimson and white noticed cross between a Purple Holstein and a Simmental. This can be a dual-purpose milk-producing breed. The Swiss Fleckvieh is a medium-sized, well-balanced, high-yielding dairy cow, very best for sustainable and environment friendly manufacturing in lots of configurations. Swiss Fleckvieh breeding depends on long-lived cow households with good well being properties and udders. Excellent for cow pasture and natural farming. They’re recognized for his or her sturdy useful traits.
Simmental – Simmental comes from Bernice Oberland. From right here, the dual-purpose breed is established globally and is among the most necessary breeds on this planet. It has a brilliant crimson and white coat.
Jersey cow – The Jersey cow is a very good-looking breed with slender stature and dark-eyed eyes. Its milk incorporates extra protein than some other dairy breed.
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Switzerland Brown or Braunvieh – Braunvieh or Swiss Brown is a breed or group of home cattle that originated in Switzerland and unfold all through the Alpine area. Switzerland is the nation of origin of Braunvieh (“brown cattle”). It’s appropriate for the manufacturing of each milk and meat. Right now, most Braunvieh in Switzerland cross once more with Brown Swiss genetics from america. That is due to their excessive milk manufacturing.
Évolène cattle – Évolène cattle is an older breed of dairy cattle from Valais Canton, Switzerland. This can be a breed of endangered cattle.
Fribourgeoise – Fribourgeoise or Freiburger was a Swiss breed of cattle from the Canton of Freiburg in western Switzerland. It has been systematically crossbred with imported Holstein inventory since about 1966.
Hérens cattle – Herens is a breed of cattle named after the Val d’Hérens area of Switzerland. These small, horned alpine cattle are black, brown, or darkish crimson, typically with a lightweight stripe alongside the backbone.
Rätisches Grauvieh – Rätisches Grauvieh is an endangered Swiss breed of cattle from Graubünden in japanese Switzerland. This can be a small breed of Alpine Grey cattle, the Tiroler Grauvieh breed.
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Simmental cattle or Swiss Fleckvieh – This can be a Swiss breed of dual-purpose cattle. Simmental is a non-difficult, long-lasting dual-purpose breed with good milk and beef efficiency. It’s particularly appropriate for large-scale farming. Simmental cattle are recognized for his or her good adaptability to grazing and their capability to carry out properly in tough manufacturing and administration situations, which end in actually excessive protein yields.
Simmental is a breed originating from Switzerland. Due to a robust choice and this space of Berner Oberland (mountainous area), it has advanced into a versatile dual-purpose breed with wonderful health traits.
Well-liked breeds of Swiss goats embody the Saanen goat, the Toggenburg goat, and the Chamois-colored Mountain goat. The white, short-haired Saanen goat is appropriate for milk manufacturing. It originates within the Saanenland and Obersimmental areas.
The Toggenburg goat can also be a dairy breed. This breed is characterised by lengthy hair on its again and thighs. Chamois-colored Mountain goats, which additionally give good milk yields, are probably the most registered animals within the herd ebook. It’s brownish-black and thus resembles it – because the title implies – a chamois.
Along with necessary breeds, Switzerland can also be residence to endangered breeds of goats. These embody Appenzell Goat, Bündner Strahlenziege, Nera Verzasca, Valais Blackneck and Peacock Goat. There are additionally imported breeds recognized in Switzerland, such because the Anglo-Nubian, the Boer goat, and the Tauernscheck.
Switzerland’s Grisons Striped goat breed adapts properly to mountain landscapes. Breeders are within the technique of selective breeding to enhance milk manufacturing. In Switzerland, Peacock goat breeds from the cantons of Graubünden and Higher Tessin are used for milk manufacturing.
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Animal husbandry as an necessary issue for dairy farming in Switzerland
Solely wholesome cows give high-quality milk. Elevating has a key impact on animal well being. Switzerland has the strictest animal welfare legal guidelines. Each laws and voluntary agricultural applications for animal safety make sure the welfare of animals in Switzerland. About 48% of all dairy cows dwell in a specifically designed housing system for animals. Switzerland is the clear winner when it comes to animal welfare in a Europe-wide comparability.
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