Court docket appoints provisional liquidator after relationship breakdown – Insolvency/Chapter – Australia

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In a latest resolution of the Supreme Court docket of New South
Wales (Within the matter of C.V. Joint (Aust) Pty Ltd [2002]
NSWSC 981), a provisional liquidator was appointed by the Court docket to
an organization primarily resulting from an ongoing dispute between the administrators
and shareholders. The case is a helpful reminder of the related
rules that apply when searching for to have a provisional liquidator

Key takeaways

  • When deciding whether or not to nominate a provisional liquidator, the
    court docket will ask whether or not the corporate is more likely to be wound up in due
    course and think about whether or not the steadiness of comfort favours the
  • Whereas not essentially part of the check the court docket applies in
    deciding whether or not to nominate a provisional liquidator, any
    vital breakdowns in working relationships inside an organization
    shall be given weight and this may have a important impact on the
    ultimate resolution.
  • The court docket will think about the wide-ranging impacts of appointing
    a provisional liquidator, however the mere reality it could enhance the
    probability of winding up or have an effect on parallel proceedings on foot is
    inadequate to discourage such appointment.


The Plaintiff on this case was the director and 70% shareholder
in C.V. Joint (Aust) Pty Ltd (the Firm). The
different administrators of the Firm had been the primary Defendant, who held
10% of the shares within the Firm and was the previous spouse of the
Plaintiff, and the second Defendant, who held 20% of the shares in
the Firm and was the brother of the primary Defendant.

There had been a extreme breakdown in relations between the
events following the separation and divorce of the Plaintiff and
first Defendant in 2020. Amongst different issues, the Plaintiff alleged
the Defendants had improperly handed resolutions concerning their
salaries and improperly retained money from money gross sales.

The Plaintiff admitted to diverting the Firm’s income
from on-line gross sales right into a separate account with out the
Defendants’ data and to utilizing the funds from this separate
account to buy inventory from an organization owned by his sons.

Moreover, in Could 2022, the Firm’s lease for the
premises on which it carried out enterprise had been terminated for
failure to pay hire. Though the Firm had not finally
vacated the premises, it was renting it on a month-to-month foundation
and solely had round $1,000 in its checking account.

The applying

The Plaintiff sought to have the Firm wound up and,
individually, a provisional liquidator appointed per s 472 of the
Companies Act 2001 (Cth) (the Act).
Nevertheless, because the Plaintiff had didn’t adjust to a Discover to
Produce, Stevenson J refused to listen to the appliance for winding up
and confined his consideration to the appointment of a provisional

The primary Defendant didn’t oppose this utility, nevertheless,
the second Defendant did and argued the Firm was nonetheless partaking
in worthwhile operations in response to its monetary stories, and
that the appliance was designed to nullify reduction sought within the
associated oppression proceedings.

Relevant legislation

Stevenson J famous the appointment of a provisional liquidator is
a drastic intrusion into the affairs of an organization and isn’t to be
contemplated if different measures shall be sufficient to protect the
established order.

His Honour recognized the 2 most important questions that have to be
answered in figuring out whether or not to make the appointment:

  • Are there good prospects of the plaintiff acquiring a winding
    up order sooner or later?
  • Does the steadiness of comfort require the appointment of a
    provisional liquidator, significantly to be able to protect the
    property of the corporate?

His Honour additionally highlighted that an necessary consideration for
the needs of this case could be the necessity for exterior
intervention given the breakdown in relations between the

What did the Court docket determine?

The Court docket ordered {that a} provisional liquidator be

Though Stevenson J thought of a number of the Plaintiff’s
allegations concerning misapplication of funds lacked proof, the
circumstances had been such that it was acceptable to intervene. In
specific, his Honour pointed to the truth that the Firm was in
impasse because of the full breakdown of the working relationship
between the events.

These elements, mixed with the Firm’s precarious and
sophisticated monetary scenario and unstable tenure on the leased
premises, precipitated his Honour to conclude that there was an actual
prospect the Firm could be wound up on a ultimate foundation. His Honour
additionally decided the appointment of a provisional liquidator would
safe the Firm’s property and supply some stability.

Stevenson J didn’t think about the events’ arguments about
the Plaintiff’s motivation to be of significance. Additional, his
Honour pointed to the actual fact the Plaintiff had undertaken to not rely
on the appointment of the provisional liquidator alone as a foundation
for denying the second Defendant reduction within the associated oppression


This case is a helpful restatement of the 2 key questions the
Court docket will ask when figuring out whether or not to nominate a provisional
liquidator: specifically, whether or not eventual winding up is probably going and
whether or not the steadiness of comfort favours the appointment.

This case additionally emphasises the significance of contextual elements
such because the relations between the events and the power of these
events to hold on the enterprise of an organization. These contextual
elements affect each the probability of winding up and the necessity
for third-party intervention within the firm’s affairs.

Moreover, though the court docket recognises that intervention in
an organization’s affairs is a critical matter and will have
wide-ranging impacts, this won’t alone deter it from appointing
a provisional liquidator the place the circumstances are acceptable.
As such, events searching for to take up oppression proceedings ought to
think about the likelihood that the corporate could also be wound up or have a
provisional liquidator appointed, as these outcomes might affect
any such proceedings.

The content material of this text is meant to supply a basic
information to the subject material. Specialist recommendation must be sought
about your particular circumstances.

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